Parts of Speech Notes

Parts of Speech Quiz


Directions:  write the part of speech for the following words:


1.   hiking

2.   love

3.   in

4.   out

5.   squishy




1.   adjective

2.   verb

3.   adverb

4.   preposition

5.   noun


What?  See…

1.   We went on a hiking trip to Muir Woods last summer.

2.   I just love all things purple.

3.   Please do come in.

4.   He stomped out the door!

5.   And he shall be called Squishy!




Parts of Speech Notes


The Noun


A Noun’s function is to act as a person, place, thing or idea.  It answers the questions WHO or WHAT…


There are four categories of nouns: Proper and Common; Concrete and Abstract

Proper – McDonald’s

Common – restaurant

Concrete – sunlight

Abstract – happiness


Nouns will be the SUBJECT in a sentence or an OBJECT.


Nouns may end in these suffixes: -ness, -ity, -ion, -sion, -tion, -xion, -hood


The Verb


A verb’s function is to show action.  A verb can be an action or a state of being (is, are, am, was, were, being, been, be)


There are verbs that act alone (run, cry, think, buy) and verb phrases which act together to show action.

A verb phrase contains one or more helping verbs and a main verb.

Helping verbs:

To be - is, are, am, was, were, being, been, be

To do – do, did, does

To have – have, had, has

Modals – can, could, shall, should, will, would, may, might, must

Examples of verb phrases: can laugh, should have tried, will have been beginning.


Verbs may end in these suffixes: -ize, -s, -fy, -ing, -ate




The Adjective


An adjective’s function is to tell which, what kind, or how many.

which – those kittens

what kind – blind kittens

how many – several kittens


“a”, “an”, and “the” are always adjectives (they are also known as articles).


Adjectives may end in these suffixes: -ive, -y, -ious



The Adverb – Aw, poor loner!


An adverb’s function is to tell how, when, where, and to what extent. They modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.

How- She laughed happily.

When- I found out later.

Where- I screamed inside.

What extent- He is very mad.


Adverbs usually end in –ly

very, too, not and quite are always adverbs




Prepositions – Co dependent with nouns


A preposition tells how, when, where, and to what extent also!

The difference is that it usually is the first word in a prepositional phrase.


How: with great gusto

Where: in the frightening, scary, awful graveyard

When: on time

To what extent: in a huge hurry


Some common prepositions are:






next to



around                OF   








A conjunction joins words, phrases, and clauses to one another.  You can remember them as :

F or

A nd

N or

B ut

O r

Y et

S  o   


This or that        -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - Joins words

To live and to die -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Joins  phrases

Life is short, so I live for each day.   -  -  Joins clauses



Darn! Interjections

Interjections express emotion or answer questions.  They are always followed by a comma, period, exclamation mark, or question mark.



Wow! I love your hair.

No, I didn’t see you there.

What?  I didn’t do it. 





Pronouns replace nouns. 



Emily – she

School – it

The class – us


There are first person, second person and third person pronouns


1                           2                           3


I                           you                      she

me                       your                     her    it

mine                    yours                   hers  its

my                                                    he     his

us                                                      they  their

we                                                     theirs         them




There are possessive pronouns: mine, my, our, ours, his, her, hers, its, their, theirs

There are reflexive pronouns: myself, itself, themselves, yourself, ourselves



Indefinite Pronouns


Each , some, none, one, any, everyone, someone, anyone,

no one, everybody, all, most,


some gum - adj

some of the gum – pronoun